Tag: construction and repair
In jest set of laws Murphy (one of his language is familiar to all – "If the trouble can happen, it happens ") is a whole section dedicated to the organization of production. His postulates ("four principles production worker "), audited the bitter experience of generations of engineers and workers, read as follows: -" in the toolbox, it is not enough that a wrench or bit, which are needed "-" for most operations require three hands "-" the remaining nuts will never fit in the remaining bolts "-" than the carefully drafted, the more confusion, if something went wrong. " But is all bleak? Because today the majority of companies quite successfully manage to overcome all-out pessimism of this "natural law" by issuing a reliable and convenient technique. The secret to success is simple: to cope with the "Principles" It helps that the Soviet Union was called "Scientific organization of labor, and in the modern world, known as" quality management system. For more information see technology investor. " On what is based, this panacea of marriage and , which has been effective in thousands of facilities around the world? Let's try understand. How to deal with Murphy's laws? We return briefly to the laws of Murphy. Their "founder" Edward A.
Murphy – a very real person, an American engineer, who is 40 years of the last century, developed the electronic systems for military aircraft. He invented a device, and attaching the assembly diagram, sent him to the test. The device did not work The time was after the war, the stress, such alignment could bring a lot of trouble, and Edward went to the Air Force base where the flight.
Geological and hydrogeological survey, which cost 40 000-70 000 rub., holds a special organization. You can entrust this work and the designer, noting that position in the technical project. Studies of soils (referred to Construction slang \’geopodosnovy) must contain information about the physical and mechanical properties of soils, chemical composition and level of groundwater, soil strata scheme. If you refuse to conduct geological survey, the developer would have to assume full responsibility for possible negative consequences associated with errors in design and construction. The main elements of the house, providing energy conservation, are the walls, floors and roofing.
Therefore, it is very important for the homeowner to put before the planners problem of reducing heat loss through the building envelope, whose solution depends on correct choice of designs and materials for insulation. Duration of the project takes an average of about four months. But the design of \’smart\’ house with a system of supply and exhaust ventilation Central Air-conditioning and other terms may increase. The main sections of documentation are: – an architectural piece, which shows the general data presented floor plans, elevations and architectural sections, roof plan, an explanatory note – a constructive part, which shows drawings of foundations, floors, masonry or frame walls plans, elements of truss construction, sections of the foundation, construction sites, etc. – engineering sections include drawings of water and sewerage systems, electrical, heating and ventilation, low-voltage systems (telephone, Internet, radio, alarm system). For each system presented general information, floor plans, circuit systems, specification of equipment, products and materials.
The modern market offers a wide range of doors of different destinations, different configurations and price ranges. These days, became particularly popular in steel doors to the apartment and the street entrance door. And, of course, is not just. As you know, the door is not simply closes the entrance to the house, apartment or office, it protects it from wind, cold and penetration attackers. Durable solid door – a guarantee of your comfort and safety. Therefore, many people prefer steel doors. Such material as steel is ideally suited for the manufacture of doors – he is reliable, durable, resistant to external influences, and thanks to modern technology and more durable.
Standard steel door consists of a metal frame with internal stiffeners and steel plates welded to it from both sides. Typically, the thickness of the blade is 1,5 – 3 mm. Between sheets of paving filler, which performs the heat and sound insulation features. It can be various materials – foam, pine logs, etc. In recent years, as a filler is often used mineral wool – it has good heat and noise insulation properties and high resistance to fire. Also an important piece of steel door is a porch – a serving of leaf that closes the gap between the door frame and the most door. Increases the insulating properties of porch doors, protecting you and your home from noise, dust and odors. Any high-quality iron doors in the vestibule or metal doors to testify should have a reliable locking system.
Best of all, to the castle, there were two – at least in the case of failure of one, the door can be locked to the second. It is advisable to install locks of different configurations – it's much harder hacking attempts. Protivosemnye pins – even One important element that they hold the door in a frame, if the attackers, for example, shot down a loop with a sledgehammer. Steel doors are universal – today there are many varieties. Depending on the functions of the door, you can select the appropriate configuration. There are technical input and steel doors. Technical, in turn, are divided into many subspecies: fire, access, noise, moisture, lift, reinforced, sealed the doors of radiation protection, technical doors to balconies, automatic doors and other technical finish chosen depending on the type of doors and the amounts available to the customer. Modern Manufacturers use a variety of finishing materials – from expensive solid wood to and powder coating. For technical doors do not need to use expensive finishes. Usually this nitroemal or powder coating. These finishes are ideal for those kinds of doors that are in contact with the external environment and are subject to common use. These types of coatings make the door-resistant adverse weather conditions, temperature changes, mechanical damage and rapid wear. If you need to choose a finish for the front door, this area is the choice of finishing materials and extensive – an array of from expensive wood, panels, mdf, veneer, laminate, etc. Everyone knows that the door is an irreplaceable piece of interior. It shows your taste, style and status. Therefore, the steel doors today particularly popular – they are a great combination of price and quality, since they have a lot of advantages before the doors of other materials – availability, reliability, longevity, durability and attractive appearance.
The actual office is hard to imagine without a computer and other equipment required for doing business. When do you plan to repair the office, regardless of whether a renovation of the facade of the building, or roof repair, must immediately deal with some points. A job which involves the use of a computer, it is advisable to place such a way that natural light falls on it from the side, mostly on the left. Still need exclude the possibility of direct illumination of the computer screen the source of natural light, and the very same window should not get in the zone of direct observation of the employee. Well choose the direction of the windows on the north or northeast. On windows it is desirable to install curtain rods with adjustable blinds or curtains, allowing them to close completely. Lighting of offices should be combined and, as an extra often use fluorescent lamps.
This is due to the fact that such coverage does not tire the eyes and the lamp does not heat the air in the room. Eyes employee must be protected from direct exposure to light. To improve the lighting in the workplace employee can be install a desktop lighting. It should be noted that the lighting on the desktop is desirable to arrange such a way that it did not change during the workday. To reduce eye strain should be rational use of lighting and color of office surfaces and walls. Color solution vliyaetdeystvuet office staff and the feeling of his mood, and this fact was proven scientifically. The best choice of color must match the mood, which is needed to create a meaningful and effective work during the day. Yellow – the color of good mood and has a calming effect on the employee.
Purple and red – act on the nervous system stimulant, contribute to fatigue and reduced efficiency, may increase blood pressure, increased heart rate and breathing speed up. Green and blue – calm and improve efficiency and enhance auditory sensitivity. With the use of color, you can also adjust the proportions of the room. The walls in bright and cool shades – pale blue and bluish-green, like retreat. Warm colors – red, orange, yellow, like bring the painted surfaces. Visually raise the ceiling to help the vertical bars, and horizontal, on the contrary, lower altitude. Socially mature people, as well as with well-established views on life preferring the calm tones. The younger generation often prefer bold, sometimes flashy, bright, and unconventional color scheme. In conclusion, I would like to add that, by choosing color palette for the repair of office, need to focus on those workers who will stay on the job permanently.