Compared with peat and compost torfonavoznymi, sapropel organic matter fertilizer has a higher content of hydrolyzed substances, such as amino acids, carbohydrates, a wide range, hemicellulose, and nitrogen-containing compounds. Sapropel fertilizer rich in vitamins B (B1, B12, B3, B6), E, C, D, P, carotenoids, and many enzymes such as catalase, peroxidase, reductases, proteases. Sapropel as clean and high quality organic fertilizers, applied to all types of soils and all plant species to increase in soil humus, nitrogen and micronutrients. As a result, making sapropel fertilizer into the soil improves its mechanical structure, humidity and aerated. Fertilizers contribute to the mobilization of sapropel soil composition, leads to cleanse the land and arable soil of pathogenic plants, fungi and harmful microorganisms. Sapropel as fertilizer, used by the ancient agricultural civilizations in the valleys of large rivers Euphrates, Tigris, Nil.
Only through the use of bottom sediment in the form of sapropel these civilizations sought three to four stable harvests per year. Sapropel after harvest of each crop was applied and plowed into the soil before planting the next. It is now known for certain and scientifically confirmed that the use of sapropel fertilizer improves soil structure, its beneficial effect on water-air regime. The use of sapropel fertilizer lowers the threshold of harmfulness of heavy metals in tubers of plants. Sapropel fertilizers and on this basis – an essential product used for a radical improvement of land for their rehabilitation and readjustment. Technology reclamation of sandy areas, developed in Russia allow to recreate the sod and soil humus layer in almost any desert area.